Who Is a Coparcener in Hindu Law

Under existing laws, the coparcenerie rights of the descendant of the fifth line (the great-great-grandson) do not come into effect until the death of the common ancestor. Under the Hindu Inheritance Act 1956, women from a common Hindu family were not considered coparceners. They had no rights to their ancestral property before the amendment of the Hindu Inheritance Act in 2005. The 2005 amendment gave women the same rights over their ancestral property as their male counterparts. A member of the HUF is not the same as a coparcener. Although all Coparceners are members of the HUF, not all members of the HUF are Coparceners. For example, the spouse or spouse of a coparcener is a member of the HUF, but not a coparcener. According to BarandBench, the issue raised before the Supreme Court was whether, with the passage of the Hindu Succession Amendment Act 2005, a daughter of a coparcener should become coparcener by birth in the same way as the son himself. In other words, could a girl be denied her share on the grounds that she was born before the law was passed and therefore cannot be treated as a coparcener? To. Combining everything in HUF may require a division of the co-op`s ownership. According to the Mitakshara law, division means the division of ancestral property as well as the separation of the common status of the family. Yes, married girls are also coparceners in a HUF after the amendment of the inheritance law in India in 2005. However, married girls cease to be members of their parental UFFs.

With the amendment of section 6 of the Hindu Succession Act (the amendment came into force on 9. In September 2005, the rights of daughters with regard to the property of their ancestors were treated on an equal footing with those of their sons, under the term coparcener. Each coparcener can request a sharing from him at any time. The remaining coparceners may decide to buy back the coparcener`s share by exercising the “right of first refusal”. In this case, Rajaram died, leaving 8 heirs, 5 sons and 3 daughters. His property was deepened by legal succession under Section 8 of the Hindu Succession Act and not by survivors. It was decided that the claimants had to take into account the three heirs and their share of the assets through a fictitious division. You will also have to take into account the fictional divisions that would take place in the future due to the death of these coparceners who leave female heiresses. A member of a HUF refers to all persons who are the direct descendants of a common ancestor, including unmarried wives and daughters. However, according to Hindu law, a coparcener is the male member born in this HUF, and only a coparcener has the rights to ancestral property.

This means that not all members of a Hindu family can demand partition. Only a coparcener can ask for this. Here are some things to keep in mind when dividing coparcenary property: If a coparcener abuses the family property or attempts to alter the material condition of the estate without permission, other members may retain him under Hindu law. In this case, Phulavati claimed the division and separation of his share of his father`s property. While the lis pendens of this action was pending, the amendment was adopted and the question was whether it was retroactive in nature. The Supreme Court ruled that girls would have a coparcenary right from the beginning of the amendment, clarifying that the amendment is prospective in its application, meaning that the right to coparcenary is only available to “living daughters” of “living coparceners” from the beginning of the amendment. Since a coparcenarium follows the Mitakshara system, the proportion of a coparcener is determined by survival. The proportion fluctuates each time there is a birth or death in the family. This share is defined only in the case of a partition. The term coparcener is used in Hindu inheritance law to refer to a person who acquires legal title to his or her ancestral property by birth in a Hindu undivided family (HUF). According to the Hindu Succession Act of 1956, anyone born into a Hindu family is automatically coparcener. Before we go any further, it is important to understand what a HUF is.

After the marriage, a girl also lost her affiliation to the HUF and thus lost the right to alimony and a share of the HUF`s property if the split took place after her marriage. In addition, only the Koparcener had the right to become the karta of a HUF, not the women. There are certain rights and restrictions of a coparcener under the Hindu inheritance law. The provisions of the replaced section 6 of the Hindu Inheritance Act confer on a daughter born before or after the amendment the status of coparcener (equal shareholders in the inheritance of immovable property) in the same way as sons, with equal rights and responsibilities. Since the right in the coparcenerie is by birth, it is not necessary for the father of the coparcener to live as he did on September 9, 2005 (date of entry into force of the law),” the Supreme Court said in its decision, which made the 2005 amendment retroactive. However, it was stated that an action registered in composition or partition ordered before 20 December 2004 would not be reopened. Therefore, it amended section 6 to eliminate discrimination and give equal rights to girls. He declared that the daughter of a coparcener would herself become coparcener by birth, in the same way as a son; and would have the same rights as if she were a son. The amendment entered into force on 9 September 2005, but included the condition that it would not invalidate any disposition of property by division or will made before 20 September 2005. December 2004 – the day the change was introduced in the Rajya Sabha – had taken place. The Board also noted that the rights under the amendment apply to live daughters of coparceners alive as of September 9, 2005, regardless of the date of birth of these girls. Article 6 of this amendment called into question the fundamental principles of comparative Hindu law.

This change gave daughters, married and unmarried, the same rights vis-à-vis the Coparcenary as the sons of the family. It also provided that women in the family could now act as family karta, which they could not do before this law. Any reference to a coparcener would also include girls equally. The 2005 amendment to the Hindu Inheritance Act introduced the succession rule on survivor dependency. Prior to this change, daughters and other female relatives of the family were considered heirs only after the death of Karta and were only entitled to their share in the fictitious division after the death of Karta, while all male members were entitled to acquire their shares before Karta`s death because they bore the rights of coparceners. It was the rule of survival. Women had no rights to their ancestral property after marriage until the Supreme Court of India amended the Hindu Succession Act 1956 because they were not considered coparceners. Women were essentially denied comparzenary status under the old statutes. In order to clarify these issues, the Supreme Court ruled on 11.

August 2020, in the case of Vineeta Sharma v. Rakesh Sharma and Others, the daughters will have coparcenerie rights over their father`s property, even if he died before the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005 came into force that year. Following the amendment of the Succession Act by the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act 2005, women were accepted as coparceners. Now, sons and daughters are coparceners in the family and share equal rights and responsibilities on property. A daughter remains in the estate even after the Coparcener marriage and in the event of her death, her children become Coparceners in her share. In the Mitakshara system, joint family ownership involves survival within the coparcenerie. This means that the proportional share of a coparcener decreases with each birth in the family and increases with each death in the family. Thus, a coparcener`s interest in the HUF property fluctuates due to births and deaths in the family. According to the Hindu Inheritance Act, minors and adult coparceners have the right to demand a division of family property. However, this does not mean that he can claim a certain share, because they become final only after the division.

A coparcarian in Hindu law is, by definition, a narrower body than the common Hindu family itself. Prior to the coming into force of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, the concept of coparcenary in Hindu law, usually related to a coparcener, was the male member of the family who acquired his or her interest in coparcenary property by birth. The oldest member of an HUF and the next three generations form a coparcenary in Hindu law. This means that the list of coparceners in a coparcenary consists of the head of the family or karta with his sons, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. According to the Mitakshara system, this interest in the coparcenaire is acquired by birth. Whenever a son is born in the family, he becomes a coparcener in HUF and naturally acquires his undivided interest in the coparcenary property. This means that the proportion of coparceners in a property is not static. It can be reduced or increased by the birth or death of other members of the coparcenarian. However, the interest in the property remains undivided. Read: A detailed look at property registration in Bangalore Ans. No, the property acquired by the company is not under the control of Coparcenary. Coparcenary property has the same meaning as the term ancestral property of a common Hindu family.

Any property inherited for a maximum period of three generations is called ancestral property, with the exception of property acquired by oneself, i.e. comparative property.